Throughout Mason’s volumes we will meet numerous people whose ideas and words influenced Mason as she developed an educational philosophy. Who where they? Let’s meet them, understand who they were, and put in context this Victorian-era educational philosophy that’s changing our modern-day homes.⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
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Today we’ll meet Mr. Pestalozzi⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
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•He believed education should develop the powers of ‘Head’, ‘Heart’ and ‘Hands’; that it should improve society and bring security and peace to the world.⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
•He is known as the Father of Pedagogy⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
•He didn’t begin his profession in education until he was 52. He began as a clergyman, pursued law and political justice until involvement in a patriotic society destroyed any future legal career, drove his family deeper into poverty when he tried his hand at farming, and kept them there for 18-years more as he pursued a literary period. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
•The Swiss government put him in charge of an orphanage after the French invaded in 1798. Here he focused on cultivating the fundamental powers of the mind—“the powers of attention, observation, and memory…”⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
•As his schools succeeded, he wrote How Gertrude Teaches her Children; a series of letters showing that by constructing a series of psychologically ordered exercises, anybody could teach their children effectively.⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
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We find Mason quoting from Pestalozzi’s Letters in Early Education in Home Education {p.2}:⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
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“The mother is qualified,” says Pestalozzi, “and qualified by the Creator Himself, to become the principal agent in the development of her child; … and what is demanded of her is––a thinking love … God has given to the child all the faculties of our nature, but the grand point remains undecided––how shall this heart, this head, these hands be employed? to whose service shall they be dedicated? A question the answer to which involves a futurity of happiness or misery to a life so dear to thee. Maternal love is the first agent in education.”

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